Meckel's diverticulum epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sudarshana Datta, MD [2]

Overview

Meckel's diverticulum is present in approximately 2% of the population, as per the "Rule of 2s". This rule applies to patients with Meckel's diverticulum and states that it affects approximately 2 percent of the population with a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. It is mostly located about two feet proximal to the ileocecal valve, is approximately two inches in length, and in majority of cases, affects age group <2yrs. In addition, the two most common types of ectopic mucosa found within the diverticulum are the gastric and pancreatic types. Increased prevalence of Meckel's diverticulum is seen in children with umbilical malformations, gastrointestinal tract, neurological and cardiovascular defects.

Epidemiology and Demographics

Prevalence

Age

Race

  • The racial predilection to Meckel's diverticulum is as follows:
    • 63.4% white
    • 16.4% Hispanic
    • 4.7% African-American
    • 3.9% Asian
    • 11.6% other

Gender

  • Males are more commonly affected by Meckel's diverticulum than females. The male to female ratio is approximately 2 to 1.
  • The male to female ratio for development of complications in affected cases is 3:1.

References

  1. Sagar J, Kumar V, Shah DK (2006). "Meckel's diverticulum: a systematic review". J R Soc Med. 99 (10): 501–5. PMC 1592061Freely accessible. PMID 17021300. doi:10.1258/jrsm.99.10.501. 
  2. Zani A, Eaton S, Rees CM, Pierro A (2008). "Incidentally detected Meckel diverticulum: to resect or not to resect?". Ann. Surg. 247 (2): 276–81. PMID 18216533. doi:10.1097/SLA.0b013e31815aaaf8. 
  3. Soltero MJ, Bill AH (1976). "The natural history of Meckel's Diverticulum and its relation to incidental removal. A study of 202 cases of diseased Meckel's Diverticulum found in King County, Washington, over a fifteen year period". Am. J. Surg. 132 (2): 168–73. PMID 952346. 
  4. Simms MH, Corkery JJ (1980). "Meckel's diverticulum: its association with congenital malformation and the significance of atypical morphology". Br J Surg. 67 (3): 216–9. PMID 7362966. 
  5. Francis A, Kantarovich D, Khoshnam N, Alazraki AL, Patel B, Shehata BM (2016). "Pediatric Meckel's Diverticulum: Report of 208 Cases and Review of the Literature". Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 35 (3): 199–206. PMID 27064958. doi:10.3109/15513815.2016.1161684. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Ruscher KA, Fisher JN, Hughes CD, Neff S, Lerer TJ, Hight DW, Bourque MD, Campbell BT (2011). "National trends in the surgical management of Meckel's diverticulum". J. Pediatr. Surg. 46 (5): 893–6. PMID 21616248. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2011.02.024. 
  7. Yahchouchy EK, Marano AF, Etienne JC, Fingerhut AL (2001). "Meckel's diverticulum". J. Am. Coll. Surg. 192 (5): 658–62. PMID 11333103. 
  8. Pollack ES (1996). "Pediatric abdominal surgical emergencies". Pediatr Ann. 25 (8): 448–57. PMID 8863320. 
  9. Anderson DJ (2000). "Carcinoid tumor in Meckel's diverticulum: laparoscopic treatment and review of the literature". J Am Osteopath Assoc. 100 (7): 432–4. PMID 10943090. 
  10. Alemayehu H, Hall M, Desai AA, St Peter SD, Snyder CL (2014). "Demographic disparities of children presenting with symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum in children's hospitals". Pediatr. Surg. Int. 30 (6): 649–53. PMID 24811048. doi:10.1007/s00383-014-3513-y. 
  11. Ueberrueck T, Meyer L, Koch A, Hinkel M, Kube R, Gastinger I (2005). "The significance of Meckel's diverticulum in appendicitis--a retrospective analysis of 233 cases". World J Surg. 29 (4): 455–8. PMID 15776296. doi:10.1007/s00268-004-7615-x. 



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