Magnesium citrate

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Magnesium citrate
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Kiran Singh, M.D. [2]

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NOTE: Most over the counter (OTC) are not reviewed and approved by the FDA. However, they may be marketed if they comply with applicable regulations and policies. FDA has not evaluated whether this product complies.

Overview

Magnesium citrate is a laxative that is FDA approved for the treatment of constipation, magnesium deficiency. Common adverse reactions include diarrhea, asthenia, dizziness, hypermagnesemia.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

Indications

  • For relief of occasional constipation (irregularity). Generally produces bowel movement in 1/2 to 6 hours

Dosing

  • Adults and children 12 years of age and over - 6.5 to 10 fl oz in 24 hours
  • Drink a full glass (8 ounces) of liquid with each dose
  • May be taken as a single daily dose or in divided doses

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of magnesium citrate in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

Indications

  • Constipation
  • Magnesium deficiency; Prophylaxis

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

Indication

  • For relief of occasional constipation (irregularity). Generally produces bowel movement in 1/2 to 6 hours

Dosage

  • Children 6 to under 12 years of age - 3 to 7 fl oz maximum 7 fl oz in 24 hours
  • Children 2 to under 6 years of age - 2 to 3 fl oz
  • Children under 2 years of age - ask a doctor
  • Drink a full glass (8 ounces) of liquid with each dose
  • May be taken as a single daily dose or in divided doses

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of magnesium citrate in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

Indication

  • Constipation
  • Magnesium deficiency; Prophylaxis

Contraindications

There is limited information regarding Contraindications of magnesium citrate in adult patients.

Warnings

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate Warnings' in the drug label.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

There is limited information regarding Clinical Trial Experience of magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Postmarketing Experience

Common Gastrointestinal: diarrhea Neurologic: asthenia, dizziness

Serious Endocrine metabolic: hypermagnesemia Respiratory: hypoventilation (rare)

Drug Interactions

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate Drug Interactions in the drug label.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): There is no FDA guidance on usage of Magnesium citrate in women who are pregnant.
Pregnancy Category (AUS):

  • Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category

There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of magnesium citrate in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Magnesium citrate during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate with respect to nursing mothers.

Pediatric Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate with respect to pediatric patients.

Geriatic Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate with respect to geriatric patients.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Magnesium citrate in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Magnesium citrate in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

  • Oral

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Overdosage

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate overdosage. If you suspect drug poisoning or overdose, please contact the National Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) immediately.

Pharmacology

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate Pharmacology in the drug label.

Mechanism of Action

Structure

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate Structure in the drug label.

Pharmacodynamics

There is limited information regarding Pharmacodynamics of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Pharmacokinetics

There is limited information regarding Pharmacokinetics of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Nonclinical Toxicology

There is limited information regarding Nonclinical Toxicology of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Clinical Studies

There is limited information regarding Clinical Studies of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

How Supplied

Storage

There is limited information regarding Magnesium citrate Storage in the drug label.

Images

Drug Images

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This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.

Package and Label Display Panel

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This image of the FDA label is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
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This image of the FDA label is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Patient Counseling Information

There is limited information regarding Patient Counseling Information of Magnesium citrate in the drug label.

Precautions with Alcohol

  • Alcohol-Magnesium citrate interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • Citrate Of Magnesia
  • Dulcolax Bowel Cleansing Kit
  • Swan Citroma

Look-Alike Drug Names

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.

  1. "http://www.ismp.org". 

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