MRPS28

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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28S ribosomal protein S28, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRPS28 gene.[1][2][3]

Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that has been called mitochondrial ribosomal protein S35 in the literature.[3]

References

  1. Cavdar Koc E, Burkhart W, Blackburn K, Moseley A, Spremulli LL (May 2001). "The small subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Identification of the full complement of ribosomal proteins present". J Biol Chem. 276 (22): 19363–74. doi:10.1074/jbc.M100727200. PMID 11279123.
  2. Zhang QH, Ye M, Wu XY, Ren SX, Zhao M, Zhao CJ, Fu G, Shen Y, Fan HY, Lu G, Zhong M, Xu XR, Han ZG, Zhang JW, Tao J, Huang QH, Zhou J, Hu GX, Gu J, Chen SJ, Chen Z (Nov 2000). "Cloning and Functional Analysis of cDNAs with Open Reading Frames for 300 Previously Undefined Genes Expressed in CD34+ Hematopoietic Stem/Progenitor Cells". Genome Res. 10 (10): 1546–60. doi:10.1101/gr.140200. PMC 310934. PMID 11042152.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: MRPS28 mitochondrial ribosomal protein S28".

Further reading



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