MRPS24

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Identifiers
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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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28S ribosomal protein S24, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRPS24 gene.[1][2][3]

Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 11.[3]

References

  1. Xu L, He GP, Li A, Ro HS (Apr 1994). "Molecular characterization of the mouse ribosomal protein S24 multigene family: a uniquely expressed intron-containing gene with cell-specific expression of three alternatively spliced mRNAs". Nucleic Acids Res. 22 (4): 646–55. doi:10.1093/nar/22.4.646. PMC 307856. PMID 8127713.
  2. Cavdar Koc E, Burkhart W, Blackburn K, Moseley A, Spremulli LL (May 2001). "The small subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Identification of the full complement of ribosomal proteins present". J Biol Chem. 276 (22): 19363–74. doi:10.1074/jbc.M100727200. PMID 11279123.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: MRPS24 mitochondrial ribosomal protein S24".

Further reading



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