List of basic nutrition topics

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For a more comprehensive list, see the List of nutrition topics.

Nutrition or nutrition science studies the relationship between diet and states of health and disease. Dieticians are Health professionals who are specialized in this area of expertise, highly trained to provide safe, evidence-based dietary advice and interventions. The scope of nutrition science ranges from malnutrition to optimal health. Many common symptoms and diseases can often be prevented or alleviated with better nutrition.

The following list of topics is provided as an overview of and introduction to nutrition:

Essence of nutrition

Main article: Nutrition

Branches of nutrition

History of nutrition

Main article: History of nutrition

Nutrients

Macronutrients

Water

Protein

Amino Acids

Fat

Saturated fats

Monounsaturated fats

Polyunsaturated fats

Essential fatty acids

Other Fats

Fat substitutes

Carbohydrates

Dietary fiber

Starch

Sugars

Sugar substitutes

  • Artificial sugar substitutes
    • Acesulfame-K
    • Acesulfame potassium — 200x sweetness (by weight), Nutrinova, E950, FDA Approved 2003
    • Alitame — 2,000x sweetness (by weight), Pfizer, Pending FDA Approval
    • Aspartame — 160-200x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, E951, FDA Approved 1981
    • Cyclamate — 30x sweetness (by weight), Abbott, E952, FDA Banned 1969, pending re-approval
    • Dulcin — 250x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone — 1,500x sweetness (by weight), E959
    • Neotame — 8,000x sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, FDA Approved 2002
    • P-4000 — 4,000x sweetness (by weight), FDA Banned 1950
    • Saccharin — 300x sweetness (by weight), E954, FDA Approved 1958
    • Sucralose — 600x sweetness (by weight), Tate & Lyle, FDA Approved 1998
  • Natural sugar substitutes
    • Brazzein — Protein, 2,000x sweetness of sucrose (by weight), Exxx
    • Curculin — Protein, 550x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Erythritol — 0.7x sweetness (by weight), 14x sweetness of sucrose (by food energy), 0.05x energy density of sucrose
    • Fructose
    • Glycyrrhizin — 50x sweetness (by weight)
    • Glycerol — 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.55x sweetness (by food energy), 1.075x energy density, E422
    • Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates — 0.4x–0.9x sweetness (by weight), 0.5x–1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.75x energy density
    • Isomalt — 0.45x–0.65x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x–1.3x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E953
    • Lactitol — 0.4x sweetness (by weight), 0.8x sweetness (by food energy), 0.5x energy density, E966
    • Mabinlin — Protein, 100x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Maltitol — 0.9x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.525x energy density, E965
    • Mannitol — 0.5x sweetness (by weight), 1.2x sweetness (by food energy), 0.4x energy density, E421
    • Miraculin — Protein, nx sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Monellin — Protein, 3,000x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Pentadin — Protein, 500x sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Sorbitol — 0.6x sweetness (by weight), 0.9x sweetness (by food energy), 0.65x energy density, E420
    • Stevia — 250x sweetness (by weight)
    • Tagatose — 0.92x sweetness (by weight), 2.4x sweetness (by food energy), 0.38x energy density
    • Thaumatin — Protein, — 2,000x sweetness (by weight), E957
    • Xylitol — 1.0x sweetness (by weight), 1.7x sweetness (by food energy), 0.6x energy density, E967

Micronutrients

Vitamins

Minerals

Organic Acids

Foods

Pyramid Groups

Qualities of food

Basic nutrition concepts

Nutrition scholars

Nutrition lists

Main article: Lists of nutrition topics

See also

External links

Databases and search engines

Governmental agencies and intergovernmental bodies

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