LILRB4

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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
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Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LILRB4 gene.[1][2][3]

This gene is a member of the leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LIR) family, which is found in a gene cluster at chromosomal region 19q13.4. The encoded protein belongs to the subfamily B class of LIR receptors which contain two or four extracellular immunoglobulin domains, a transmembrane domain, and two to four cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). The receptor is expressed on immune cells where it binds to MHC class I molecules on antigen-presenting cells and transduces a negative signal that inhibits stimulation of an immune response. The receptor can also function in antigen capture and presentation. It is thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[3]

Interactions

LILRB4 has been shown to interact with PTPN6[4] and INPP5D (SHIP-1).[5]

See also

References

  1. Cella M, Dohring C, Samaridis J, Dessing M, Brockhaus M, Lanzavecchia A, Colonna M (Jun 1997). "A Novel Inhibitory Receptor (ILT3) Expressed on Monocytes, Macrophages, and Dendritic Cells Involved in Antigen Processing". J Exp Med. 185 (10): 1743–51. doi:10.1084/jem.185.10.1743. PMC 2196312. PMID 9151699.
  2. Samaridis J, Colonna M (Apr 1997). "Cloning of novel immunoglobulin superfamily receptors expressed on human myeloid and lymphoid cells: structural evidence for new stimulatory and inhibitory pathways". Eur J Immunol. 27 (3): 660–5. doi:10.1002/eji.1830270313. PMID 9079806.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: LILRB4 leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, subfamily B (with TM and ITIM domains), member 4".
  4. Wang LL, Blasioli J, Plas DR, Thomas ML, Yokoyama WM (1999). "Specificity of the SH2 domains of SHP-1 in the interaction with the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif-bearing receptor gp49B". Journal of Immunology. 162 (3): 1318–23. PMID 9973385.
  5. Zurli V, Wimmer G, Cattaneo F, Candi V, Cencini E, Gozzetti A, Raspadori D, Campoccia G, Sanseviero F, Bocchia M, Baldari CT, Kabanova A (2017). "Ectopic ILT3 controls BCR-dependent activation of Akt in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia". Blood. 130 (18): 2006–2017. doi:10.1182/blood-2017-03-775858. PMID 28931525.

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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