Ischemic colitis differential diagnosis
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Ischemic colitis must be differentiated from the many other causes of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and diarrhea such as infection, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulosis, or colon cancer. It is also important to differentiate ischemic colitis, which often resolves on its own, from the more immediately life-threatening condition of acute mesenteric ischemia of the small bowel.
Differentiating ischemic colitis from other Diseases
- The symptoms of colitis such as diarrhea, especially bloody diarrhea, and abdominal pain are seen in all forms of colitis.
- The table below lists the differential diagnosis of common causes of colitis:
|Diseases||History and Symptoms||Physical Examination||Laboratory findings|
|Diarrhea||Rectal bleeding||Abdominal pain||Atopy||Dehydration||Fever||Hypotension||Malnutrition||Blood in stool (frank or occult)||Microorganism in stool||Pseudomembranes on endoscopy|
The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain are: