Ischemic colitis causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]

Overview

Causes of reduced blood flow leading to ischemic colitis include changes in the systemic circulation such as low blood pressure (hypotension) or local factors such as constriction of blood vessels, a blood clot, or drugs. In most cases, no specific cause can be identified.

Causes

The causes of ischemic colitis are as follows:[1][2][3]

Non-occlusive Ischemia

Occlusive Ischemia

Drugs

The following drugs cause vasoconstriction which may compromise blood supply to the colon.

References

  1. Hass, David J.; Kozuch, Patricia; Brandt, Lawrence J. (2007). "Pharmacologically Mediated Colon Ischemia". The American Journal of Gastroenterology. 102 (8): 1765–1780. ISSN 0002-9270. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01260.x. 
  2. Theodoropoulou, Αngeliki; Κoutroubakis, Ioannis E (2008). "Ischemic colitis: Clinical practice in diagnosis and treatment". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 14 (48): 7302. ISSN 1007-9327. doi:10.3748/wjg.14.7302. 
  3. Feldman: Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 7th ed., 2002 Saunders, p. 2332.

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