Ischemic colitis (patient information)
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Ischemic colitis On the Web
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What are the symptoms of Ischemic colitis?
What causes Ischemic colitis?
Ischemic colitis mainly affects people over 50. Many of them have a history of peripheral vascular disease.
Who is at highest risk?
Risk factors include:
- Atrial fibrillation
- Blockage of the large bowel
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Congestive heart failure
- High blood pressure
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Low blood pressure
- Past aortic surgery in which damage occurred to the artery that supplies the colon.
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Use of medications that cause constipation
When to seek urgent medical care?
Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of ischemic colitis.
- Treatment for mild ischemic colitis often involves:
- Severe ischemic colitis that leads to gangrene is treated with:
Medications to avoid
Patients diagnosed with ischemic colitis should avoid using the following medications:
If you have been diagnosed with ischemic colitis, consult your physician before starting or stopping any of these medications.
Where to find medical care for Ischemic colitis?
Prevention of Ischemic colitis
Being aware of your risk may allow early diagnosis and treatment. Absolute prevention may not be possible.
What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
- Most cases of ischemic colitis are mild and will improve on their own. They do not need surgical treatment.
- The death rate is high when gangrene occurs because there is not enough blood supply.
- Gangrene of the bowel
- Hole in the intestine (perforation)
- Inflammation of the lining of the abdomen (peritonitis)