Interleukin 29

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Interleukin-29 (IL-29) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IL29 gene that resides on chromosome 19.[1][2]

IL-29 is a member of the helical cytokine family and is a type III interferon.[3] It is also known as IFNλ1 and is highly similar in amino acid sequence to the IL-28, the other type III interferon. IL-29 plays an important role in host defenses against microbes and its gene is highly upregulated in cells infected with viruses. IL29 is not present in the mouse genome.

References

  1. "Entrez Gene: interleukin 29 (interferon".
  2. Sheppard P, Kindsvogel W, Xu W, Henderson K, Schlutsmeyer S, Whitmore TE, Kuestner R, Garrigues U, Birks C, Roraback J, Ostrander C, Dong D, Shin J, Presnell S, Fox B, Haldeman B, Cooper E, Taft D, Gilbert T, Grant FJ, Tackett M, Krivan W, McKnight G, Clegg C, Foster D, Klucher KM (January 2003). "IL-28, IL-29 and their class II cytokine receptor IL-28R". Nature Immunology. 4 (1): 63–8. doi:10.1038/ni873. PMID 12469119.
  3. Vilcek J (January 2003). "Novel interferons". Nature Immunology. 4 (1): 8–9. doi:10.1038/ni0103-8. PMID 12496969.

Further reading



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