ITGAV encodes integrin alpha chain V. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. Alpha V undergoes post-translational cleavage to yield disulfide-linked heavy and light chains, that combine with multiple integrin beta chains to form different integrins. Among the known associating beta chains (beta chains 1,3,5,6, and 8; 'ITGB1', 'ITGB3', 'ITGB5', 'ITGB6', and 'ITGB8'), each can interact with extracellular matrix ligands; the alpha V beta 3 integrin, perhaps the most studied of these, is referred to as the Vitronectin receptor (VNR). In addition to adhesion, many integrins are known to facilitate signal transduction.
Alpha V class integrins
In mammals the integrins that include alpha-V are :
↑Waisberg J, De Souza VL, Affonso Junior RJ, Silva SR, Denadai MV, Margeotto FB, De Souza CS, Matos D (2014). "Overexpression of the ITGAV gene is associated with progression and spread of colorectal cancer". Anticancer Res. 34 (10): 5599–607. PMID25275062.
↑Élez E, Kocáková I, Höhler T, Martens UM, Bokemeyer C, Van Cutsem E, Melichar B, Smakal M, Csőszi T, Topuzov E, Orlova R, Tjulandin S, Rivera F, Straub J, Bruns R, Quaratino S, Tabernero J (January 2015). "Abituzumab combined with cetuximab plus irinotecan versus cetuximab plus irinotecan alone for patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer: the randomised phase I/II POSEIDON trial". Annals of Oncology. 26 (1): 132–40. doi:10.1093/annonc/mdu474. PMID25319061.