Insulinoma ultrasound On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Insulinoma ultrasound
Transabdominal ultrasound has low sensitivity varying between 0 to 66% in detecting insulinoma. The sensitivity increases with the use of more invasive technique including endoscopic ultrasound (93%) and intra-operative ultrasound (86%). Hypo-echoic lesions and hypervascular mass are seen on the ultrasound.
- Ultrasound may be helpful in the diagnosis of insulinoma. The sensitivity varies from 0 to 66%. Smaller tumors are difficult to detect especially those on the tail of the pancreas. Findings on a trans-abdominal ultrasound suggestive of insulinoma include:
- An ultrasound may be helpful in the diagnosis of complications of malignant insulinoma, which include:
This is an invasive ultrasound which can be done pre-operatively. The use has been increased with the increase in sensitivities from 40 to 93%, more accurate in diagnosing pancreatic head insulinomas. It is supported as the primary diagnostic modality for the diagnosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (which includes insulinoma). The advantages include:
- Visualization of smaller tumors (2mm)
- Detection of invasion and local metastasis
- Higher spatial resolutions
The disadvantages are:
- High cost
- Availabilty and expertise
The use was introduced in 1981 and used to localize non-palpable lesions and tumors which are in close proximity to pancreatic and bile ducts. They can localize the tumors in 86% of cases when performed during an open or laparoscopic surgery. 
- McAuley, G.; Delaney, H.; Colville, J.; Lyburn, I.; Worsley, D.; Govender, P.; Torreggiani, W.C. (2005). "Multimodality preoperative imaging of pancreatic insulinomas". Clinical Radiology. 60 (10): 1039–1050. doi:10.1016/j.crad.2005.06.005. ISSN 0009-9260.
- Sotoudehmanesh R, Hedayat A, Shirazian N, Shahraeeni S, Ainechi S, Zeinali F; et al. (2007). "Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the localization of insulinoma". Endocrine. 31 (3): 238–41. PMID 17906369.
- Anderson MA, Carpenter S, Thompson NW, Nostrant TT, Elta GH, Scheiman JM (2000). "Endoscopic ultrasound is highly accurate and directs management in patients with neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas". Am J Gastroenterol. 95 (9): 2271–7. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2000.02480.x. PMID 11007228.
- Brown CK, Bartlett DL, Doppman JL, Gorden P, Libutti SK, Fraker DL; et al. (1997). "Intraarterial calcium stimulation and intraoperative ultrasonography in the localization and resection of insulinomas". Surgery. 122 (6): 1189–93, discussion 1193-4. PMID 9426437.
- Grover AC, Skarulis M, Alexander HR, Pingpank JF, Javor ED, Chang R; et al. (2005). "A prospective evaluation of laparoscopic exploration with intraoperative ultrasound as a technique for localizing sporadic insulinomas". Surgery. 138 (6): 1003–8, discussion 1008. doi:10.1016/j.surg.2005.09.017. PMID 16360384.