In vitro fertilization overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

In vitro fertilization(IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the woman's womb, in vitro. IVF is a major treatment of infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves controlling the ovulatory process with hormones, removing ova (eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium. The fertilized egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

Oocyte with surrounding granulosa cells
"Naked" EGG
























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