Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms

Jump to: navigation, search

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

X Ray

Echocardiography and Ultrasound

CT scan

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Interventions

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms

CDC on Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms in the news

Blogs on Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms

Directions to Hospitals Treating Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Risk calculators and risk factors for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy history and symptoms

Editor(s)-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Soroush Seifirad, M.D.[2]

Overview

A large number of the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are asymptomatic or complain of mild nonspecific symptoms, Patients are often diagnosed by family screening, incidental murmur auscultation during routine examination or screening for school athletic events, or via an abnormal ECG. Nevertheless, in symptomatic patients, left ventricular outflow tract gradients and result in symptoms of dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, and syncope are the most common presentations. The symptoms associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are quite variable and range from no symptoms, to the development of heart failure, to the occurrence of sudden cardiac death. The symptoms may vary tremendously from individual even within a family. The timing of symptom onset is quite variable as well and may range from infancy to adulthood.

Symptoms

A large number of the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are asymptomatic or complain of mild nonspecific symptoms, Patients are often diagnosed by family screening, incidental murmur auscultation during routine examination or screening for school athletic events, or via an abnormal ECG. Nevertheless, in symptomatic patients, left ventricular outflow tract gradients and result in symptoms of dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, and syncope are the most common presentations.Although most of the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are asymptomatic, patients may develop one or more of the following symptoms:[1][2][3][4][5] [6][7][8][9]

References

  1. Maron BJ. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Lancet 1997;350:127–33.
  2. Maron BJ. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A systematic review. JAMA 2002;287:1308–20.
  3. Maki S, Ikeda H, Muro A et al. Predictors of sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol 1998;82:774–8.
  4. Maron BJ, Casey SA, Poliac LC, Gohman TE, Almquist AK, Aeppli DM. Clinical course of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a regional United States cohort. JAMA 1999;281:650–5.
  5. Maron BJ, Olivotto I, Bellone P et al. Clinical profile of stroke in 900 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;39:301–7.
  6. Maron BJ. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A systematic review. JAMA 2002;287:1308–20.
  7. Maron BJ, Casey SA, Poliac LC, Gohman TE, Almquist AK, Aeppli DM. Clinical course of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a regional United States cohort. JAMA 1999;281:650–5.
  8. Fay WP, Taliercio CP, Ilstrup DM, Tajik AJ, Gersh BJ. Natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the elderly. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;16:821–6.
  9. Takagi E, Yamakado T, Nakano T. Prognosis of completely asymptomatic adult patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 1999;33:206–11.

Linked-in.jpg