Hemiparesis and Hemiplegia

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Hemiparesis and Hemiplegia

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List of terms related to Hemiparesis and Hemiplegia

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Overview

Hemiplegia refers to a complete lack of motor function. Hemiparesis refers to decreased motor function. Both are usually a result of a problem with the brain


Causes

In alphabetical order. [1] [2]

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

  • Onset
  • Past history
  • Associated symptoms/findings
  • Pattern of weakness

Laboratory Findings

Electrolyte and Biomarker Studies

MRI and CT

  • Both MRI and CT scans are the diagnostic tool of choice

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

  • Identifying and treating the underlying cause are the best ways to manage hemiplegia and hemiparesis
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Orthotics
  • Management of blood pressure and blood sugar (cerebral infarction)

Pharmacotherapy

Acute Pharmacotherapies

Surgery and Device Based Therapy

  • Assistive devices for general measures
  • Surgical management for mass lesions affecting the brain

References

  1. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016
  2. Kahan, Scott, Smith, Ellen G. In A Page: Signs and Symptoms. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2004:68 ISBN 140510368X

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