Helicobacter pylori infection risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ;Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Yamuna Kondapally, M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

Common risk factors in the development of H. pylori infection are contaminated food and water, poor hygiene, overcrowding, lower socioeconomic status, smoking, age, and race.

Risk factors

Common risk factors in the development of H. pylori infection are:[1]

  • Contaminated food and water
  • Poor hygiene
  • Overcrowding
  • Lower socioeconomic status
  • Smoking
  • Close contact with infected saliva ( e.g., kissing, by sharing eating utensils and drinking glasses), feces and vomit
  • Age (H. pylori infection is more common in older people)
  • Race (more common in African American or Hispanic descent)

References

  1. Mhaskar RS, Ricardo I, Azliyati A, Laxminarayan R, Amol B, Santosh W; et al. (2013). "Assessment of risk factors of helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulcer disease". J Glob Infect Dis. 5 (2): 60–7. doi:10.4103/0974-777X.112288. PMC 3703212. PMID 23853433.

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