Gla domain

Jump to: navigation, search
1dan opm.gif
Anchoring of Coagulation factor VIIa to the membrane through its GLA domain
Identifiers
SymbolGla
PfamPF00594
InterProIPR000294
PROSITEPDOC00011
SCOP1cfi
SUPERFAMILY1cfi
OPM superfamily97
OPM protein1pfx

Vitamin K-dependent carboxylation/gamma-carboxyglutamic (GLA) domain is a protein domain that contains post-translational modifications of many glutamate residues by vitamin K-dependent carboxylation to form gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla). The Gla residues are responsible for the high-affinity binding of calcium ions [1][2].

The GLA domain is responsible for the high-affinity binding of calcium ions. It starts at the N-terminal extremity of the mature form of proteins and ends with a conserved aromatic residue; a conserved Gla-x(3)-Gla-x-Cys motif[3] is found in the middle of the domain which seems to be important for substrate recognition by the carboxylase.

The 3D structures of several Gla domains have been solved[4][5]. Calcium ions induce conformational changes in the Gla domain and are necessary for the Gla domain to fold properly. A common structural feature of functional Gla domains is the clustering of N-terminal hydrophobic residues into a hydrophobic patch that mediates interaction with the cell surface membrane[5].

Subfamilies

Human proteins containing this domain

BGLAP; F10; F2; F7; F9; GAS6; MGP; PROC; PROS1; PROZ; PRRG1; PRRG2; PRRG3; PRRG4;

References

  1. Friedman PA, Przysiecki CT (1987). "Vitamin K-dependent carboxylation". Int. J. Biochem. 19 (1): 1–7. PMID 3106112.
  2. Vermeer C (1990). "Gamma-carboxyglutamate-containing proteins and the vitamin K-dependent carboxylase". Biochem. J. 266 (3): 625–636. PMID 2183788.
  3. Price PA, Fraser JD, Metz-Virca G (1987). "Molecular cloning of matrix Gla protein: implications for substrate recognition by the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (23): 8335–8339. PMID 3317405.
  4. Freedman SJ, Furie BC, Furie B, Baleja JD (1995). "Structure of the metal-free gamma-carboxyglutamic acid-rich membrane binding region of factor IX by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (14): 7980–7987. PMID 7713897.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Freedman SJ, Furie BC, Furie B, Baleja JD, Blostein MD, Jacobs M (1996). "Identification of the phospholipid binding site in the vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation protein factor IX". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (27): 16227–16236. PMID 8663165.

Linked-in.jpg