Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)

Jump to: navigation, search

Gastrointestinal varices Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Gastrointestinal varices from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

X-ray

Echocardiography and Ultrasound

CT scan

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Guidelines for Management

Case Studies

Case #1

Gastrointestinal varices (patient information) On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)

CDC on Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)

Gastrointestinal varices (patient information) in the news

Blogs on Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)</small>

Directions to Hospitals Treating Psoriasis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Gastrointestinal varices (patient information)

For WikiDoc page on this topic, click here.

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [2]

Overview

Gastrointestinal varices are caused by an ncrease in blood flow and vascular resistance in portal vein known as portal hypertension. Common symptoms of portal hypertension include bloody vomiting, tarry stools, abdominal distention, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Patients who are at high risk for portal hypertension include intravenous drug use (IVDU), tattooing or piercing in unhygienic condition, needlestick injury, blood transfusion before 1992, viral hepatitis, unprotected sexual intercourse, schistosomiasis in childhood, and family history of hereditary liver disease. The mainstay of treatment in portal hypertension is surgery. The medical therapy for decreasing the tone of liver veins and decreasing the pressure is suggested. Common complications of portal hypertension include peritoneum infection, renal insufficiency, severe confusion, spleen enlargement, abdominal distension, bloody vomiting, renal failure, and pulmonary failure.

What are the symptoms of Portal hypertension?

Symptoms of portal hypertension include:

What causes Portal hypertension?

Common causes of portal hypertension include:

Who is at highest risk?

Patients who are at high risk for portal hypertension include:

Diagnosis

Portal hypertension is diagnosed based on:

When to seek urgent medical care?

Patients with the following symptom have to seek urgent medical care:

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Portal hypertension?

Directions to Hospitals Treating Portal hypertension

Prevention

Effective measures for the primary prevention of portal hypertension, include:

Effective measures for the secondary prevention of portal hypertension, include:

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

Common complications of portal hypertension include:


Linked-in.jpg