Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate

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Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
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MeSH fructose-1,6-diphosphate
Properties
C6H14O12P2
Molar mass 340.116
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Fructose 1,6-phosphate is fructose sugar phosphorylated on carbons 1 and 6 (ie. is a fructosephosphate). The β-D-form of this compound is very common in cells. The vast majority of glucose and fructose entering a cell will become converted to fructose 1,6-phosphate at some point.

Fructose 1,6-phosphate in glycolysis

Fructose 1,6-phosphate lies within the glycolysis metabolic pathway and is produced by phosphorylation of fructose 6-phosphate. It is in turn broken down into two compounds; glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and glycerone phosphate. It is allosteric activator of pyruvate kinase.

β-D-fructose 6-phosphate 6-phosphofructo 1-kinase β-D-fructose 1,6-phosphate Fructose bisphosphate aldolase D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dihydroxyacetone phosphate
Beta-D-fructose-6-phosphate wpmp.png Beta-D-fructose-1,6-bisphosphate wpmp.png D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate wpmp.png + Glycerone-phosphate wpmp.png
ATP ADP
Biochem reaction arrow reversible YYYY horiz med.png Biochem reaction arrow reversible NNNN horiz med.png
Pi H2O
Hexose diphosphatase Fructose bisphosphate aldolase


The numbering of the carbon atoms indicates the fate of the carbons according to their position in fructose 6-phosphate.

Fructose 1,6-phosphate isomerism

Fructose 1,6-phosphate has only one biologically active isomer, the β-D-form. There are many other isomers, analogous to those of fructose.

See also


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