Familial amyloidosis natural history, complications and prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.

Overview

The symptoms of familial amyloidosis usually develop after 50 years of age in TTR amyloidosis and late adulthood for other subtypes. In patients with familial amyloidosis, the most frequent complications include heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, hepatomegaly, and peripheral neuropathy. Prognosis is generally poor. The prognosis varies based on the type of organ involvement with amyloid heart disease having the worst prognosis. TTR amyloidosis patients have 60 months survival from presentation with heart failure symptoms.

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History

Complications

Prognosis

References

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  7. Benson MD, Liepnieks JJ, Yazaki M, Yamashita T, Hamidi Asl K, Guenther B, Kluve-Beckerman B (March 2001). "A new human hereditary amyloidosis: the result of a stop-codon mutation in the apolipoprotein AII gene". Genomics. 72 (3): 272–7. doi:10.1006/geno.2000.6499. PMID 11401442.
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  9. Jerzykowska S, Cymerys M, Gil LA, Balcerzak A, Pupek-Musialik D, Komarnicki MA (2014). "Primary systemic amyloidosis as a real diagnostic challenge - case study". Cent Eur J Immunol. 39 (1): 61–6. doi:10.5114/ceji.2014.42126. PMC 4439975. PMID 26155101.
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