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Europhiles of Calcedonia lived during the 3rd century BC. He contributed enormously to the study of anatomy with his many discoveries of the human body. He gave a detailed description of the nervous system and the connections between the liver and the small intestine; he also coined the word duodenum and established that it is connected to the liver through large veins. He was also the first to distinguish between motor nerves and sensory nerves.[1]


  1. Atlas of Anatomy, Giunti Editorial Group, Taj Books LTD 2002, p. 10