Epilepsy laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.

Overview

Laboratory findings consistent with the diagnosis of epilepsy include: Elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK), elevated cortisol, elevated white blood cell count, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and elevated neuron-specific enolase.

Laboratory Findings

References

  1. Willert C, Spitzer C, Kusserow S, Runge U (May 2004). "Serum neuron-specific enolase, prolactin, and creatine kinase after epileptic and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures". Acta Neurol. Scand. 109 (5): 318–23. doi:10.1046/j.1600-0404.2003.00232.x. PMID 15080857.
  2. Pritchard PB, Wannamaker BB, Sagel J, Daniel CM (July 1985). "Serum prolactin and cortisol levels in evaluation of pseudoepileptic seizures". Ann. Neurol. 18 (1): 87–9. doi:10.1002/ana.410180115. PMID 4037754.
  3. Krumholz A, Wiebe S, Gronseth G, Shinnar S, Levisohn P, Ting T, Hopp J, Shafer P, Morris H, Seiden L, Barkley G, French J (November 2007). "Practice Parameter: evaluating an apparent unprovoked first seizure in adults (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society". Neurology. 69 (21): 1996–2007. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000285084.93652.43. PMID 18025394.

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