Epilepsy classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.

Overview

Epilepsy may be classified according to type of onset into focal, generalized and unknown. Each of these groups can be further divided into motor and non-motor subgroups.

Classification

  • Epilepsy may be classified according to type of onset into:[1]


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Type of onset
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Focal
 
secondary generalized
 
Generalized
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Motor
 
Non-motor
 
Motor
 
Non-motor
 
Motor
 
Non-motor
 
Unclassified
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automatisms
Atonic
Clonic
• Epileptic spasm
Hyperkinetic
Myoclonic
Tonic
 
Autonomic
• Behavior arrest
• Cognitive
• Emotional
Sensory
 
• Tonic-clonic
• Clonic
• Tonic
• Myoclonic
Myoclonic-tonic-clonic
Myoclonic-atonic
Atonia
• Epileptic spasm
 
• Typical
• Atypical
Myoclonic
Eyelid myocloni
 
Tonic-clonic
• Epileptic
Spasm
 
• Behavior arrest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. Fisher, Robert S.; Cross, J. Helen; D'Souza, Carol; French, Jacqueline A.; Haut, Sheryl R.; Higurashi, Norimichi; Hirsch, Edouard; Jansen, Floor E.; Lagae, Lieven; Moshé, Solomon L.; Peltola, Jukka; Roulet Perez, Eliane; Scheffer, Ingrid E.; Schulze-Bonhage, Andreas; Somerville, Ernest; Sperling, Michael; Yacubian, Elza Márcia; Zuberi, Sameer M. (2017). "Instruction manual for the ILAE 2017 operational classification of seizure types". Epilepsia. 58 (4): 531–542. doi:10.1111/epi.13671. ISSN 0013-9580.

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