|40x40px||Look up endurance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Endurance is the ability for humans and animals to exert themselves through aerobic or anaerobic exercise for relatively long periods of time. The definition of 'long' varies according to the type of exertion - minutes for high intensity anaerobic exercise, hours or days for low intensity. Training for endurance can have a negative impact on the ability to exert strength unless an individual also undertakes resistance training to counteract this effect.
Endurance exercise or endurance training consists of performing low- to medium-intensity exercise for long periods of time. E.g., jogging or running several miles to hundreds of miles; cycling dozens of miles to thousands of miles; swimming hundreds of yards or meters to dozens of miles or km.
Physical endurance is differentiated from other forms of physical stress in that in endurance exercise fatigue of the muscles and cardiovascular system do not force the effort to end. The need for sleep, the buildup of non-recyclable waste chemicals, the depletion of convertible energy stores and other needed chemicals (e.g., water, sodium), physical injury, psychological failure, or attainment of the goal will bring the effort to an end.
In equestrian sport, endurance riding refers to long distance races (often 100 miles) by one horse-rider pair. Endurance races were part of military history and also have a place in the history of the American West. The Tevis Cup is a famous race from the east to the west side of the Sierra Nevada.
It is an international sport and is governed at the international level by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI).
The Shahzada is an Australian National Event With Riders Travelling from all over the Country to compete, it is a 400 mile ride consisting of 160 km (or 100 miles) per day for 4 days.
In auto racing, endurance refers to short distance races, often leages or more.
- Hickson, R.C. (1980). "Interference of strength development by simultaneously training for strength and endurance". European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. Springer Verlag. 45 (2–3): 255–263. Retrieved 2007-05-07.