|Organs derived from endoderm.|
|Blastodermic vesicle of Vespertilio murinus. (Endoderm labeled as 'entoderm'.)|
|Gray's||subject #6 49|
The endoderm consists at first of flattened cells, which subsequently become columnar. It forms the epithelial lining of the whole of the digestive tube except part of the mouth,pharynx and the terminal part of the rectum (which are lined by involutions of the ectoderm), the lining cells of all the glands which open into the digestive tube, including those of the liver and pancreas, the epithelium of the auditory tube and tympanic cavity, of the trachea, bronchi, and air cells of the lungs, of the urinary bladder and part of the urethra, and that which lines the follicles of the thyroid gland and thymus.
The following graph represents the products produced by the endoderm.
|Endoderm||General||Endocrine glands and organs (liver and pancreas)|
- The General category denotes that all or most of the animals containing this layer produce the adjacent product.
- Evers, Christine A., Lisa Starr. Biology:Concepts and Applications. 6th ed. United States:Thomson, 2006. ISBN 0-534-46224-3.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.