EPH receptor A3

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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EPH receptor A3 (ephrin type-A receptor 3) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EPHA3 gene.[1][2][3]

Function

This gene belongs to the ephrin receptor subfamily of the protein-tyrosine kinase family. EPH and EPH-related receptors have been implicated in mediating developmental events, particularly in the nervous system. Receptors in the EPH subfamily typically have a single kinase domain and an extracellular region containing a Cys-rich domain and 2 fibronectin type III repeats. The ephrin receptors are divided into 2 groups based on the similarity of their extracellular domain sequences and their affinities for binding ephrin-A and ephrin-B ligands. This gene encodes a protein that binds ephrin-A ligands. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene.[3]

Interactions

EPH receptor A3 has been shown to interact with EFNB2[4][5] and EFNA5.[5][6]

References

  1. Boyd AW, Ward LD, Wicks IP, Simpson RJ, Salvaris E, Wilks A, Welch K, Loudovaris M, Rockman S, Busmanis I (March 1992). "Isolation and characterization of a novel receptor-type protein tyrosine kinase (hek) from a human pre-B cell line". J Biol Chem. 267 (5): 3262–7. PMID 1737782.
  2. Wicks IP, Wilkinson D, Salvaris E, Boyd AW (April 1992). "Molecular cloning of HEK, the gene encoding a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed by human lymphoid tumor cell lines". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 89 (5): 1611–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.89.5.1611. PMC 48502. PMID 1311845.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: EPHA3 EPH receptor A3".
  4. Cerretti DP, Vanden Bos T, Nelson N, Kozlosky CJ, Reddy P, Maraskovsky E, Park LS, Lyman SD, Copeland NG, Gilbert DJ (November 1995). "Isolation of LERK-5: a ligand of the eph-related receptor tyrosine kinases". Mol. Immunol. 32 (16): 1197–205. doi:10.1016/0161-5890(95)00108-5. PMID 8559144.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lackmann M, Mann RJ, Kravets L, Smith FM, Bucci TA, Maxwell KF, Howlett GJ, Olsson JE, Vanden Bos T, Cerretti DP, Boyd AW (June 1997). "Ligand for EPH-related kinase (LERK) 7 is the preferred high affinity ligand for the HEK receptor". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (26): 16521–30. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.26.16521. PMID 9195962.
  6. Kozlosky CJ, VandenBos T, Park L, Cerretti DP, Carpenter MK (August 1997). "LERK-7: a ligand of the Eph-related kinases is developmentally regulated in the brain". Cytokine. 9 (8): 540–9. doi:10.1006/cyto.1997.0199. PMID 9245480.

Further reading



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