EIF1AX

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1A, X-chromosomal (eIF1A) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EIF1AX gene.[1][2][3] This gene encodes an essential eukaryotic translation initiation factor. The protein is a component of the 43S pre-initiation complex (PIC), which mediates the recruitment of the small 40S ribosomal subunit to the 5' cap of messenger RNAs.[3]

Function

eIF1A is a small protein (17 kDa in budding yeast) and a component of the 43S preinitiation complexes (PIC). eIF1A binds near the ribosomal A-site, in a manner similar to the functionally related bacterial counterpart IF1.[4]

Clinical significance

Mutations in this gene have been recurrently seen associated to cases of uveal melanoma with disomy 3.[5]

Interactions

EIF1AX has been shown to interact with IPO13.[6]

See also

References

  1. Dever TE, Wei CL, Benkowski LA, Browning K, Merrick WC, Hershey JW (Feb 1994). "Determination of the amino acid sequence of rabbit, human, and wheat germ protein synthesis factor eIF-4C by cloning and chemical sequencing". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 269 (5): 3212–8. PMID 8106356.
  2. Lahn BT, Page DC (Oct 1997). "Functional coherence of the human Y chromosome". Science. 278 (5338): 675–80. Bibcode:1997Sci...278..675L. doi:10.1126/science.278.5338.675. PMID 9381176.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: EIF1AX eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1A, X-linked".
  4. Fraser, Christopher S. (2015). "Quantitative studies of mRNA recruitment to the eukaryotic ribosome". Biochimie. 114: 58–71. doi:10.1016/j.biochi.2015.02.017. PMC 4458453. PMID 25742741. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  5. Martin M, Maßhöfer L, Temming P, Rahmann S, Metz C, Bornfeld N, van de Nes J, Klein-Hitpass L, Hinnebusch AG, Horsthemke B, Lohmann DR, Zeschnigk M (Aug 2013). "Exome sequencing identifies recurrent somatic mutations in EIF1AX and SF3B1 in uveal melanoma with disomy 3". Nature Genetics. 45 (8): 933–6. doi:10.1038/ng.2674. PMC 4307600. PMID 23793026.
  6. Mingot JM, Kostka S, Kraft R, Hartmann E, Görlich D (Jul 2001). "Importin 13: a novel mediator of nuclear import and export". The EMBO Journal. 20 (14): 3685–94. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3685. PMC 125545. PMID 11447110.

Further reading



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