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Transcription factor COE1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EBF1 gene. EBF1 stands for Early B-Cell Factor 1.[1][2][3]

EBF1 controls the expression of key proteins required for B cell differentiation, signal transduction and function.[4][5] The crucial role of this factor is shown in the regulation of expression of SLAM family co-receptors in B-cells.[6]


EBF1 has been shown to interact with ZNF423[7] and CREB binding protein.[8]


  1. "Symbol Report: EBF1". HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
  2. Milatovich A, Qiu RG, Grosschedl R, Francke U (Jul 1994). "Gene for a tissue-specific transcriptional activator (EBF or Olf-1), expressed in early B lymphocytes, adipocytes, and olfactory neurons, is located on human chromosome 5, band q34, and proximal mouse chromosome 11". Mamm. Genome. 5 (4): 211–5. doi:10.1007/BF00360547. PMID 8012110.
  3. "Entrez Gene: EBF1 early B-cell factor 1".
  4. Treiber, Thomas; Mandel, Elizabeth M.; Pott, Sebastian; Györy, Ildiko; Firner, Sonja; Liu, Edison T.; Grosschedl, Rudolf. "Early B Cell Factor 1 Regulates B Cell Gene Networks by Activation, Repression, and Transcription- Independent Poising of Chromatin". Immunity. 32 (5): 714–725. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2010.04.013.
  5. Hagman, James; Ramírez, Julita; Lukin, Kara (2012-01-01). "B lymphocyte lineage specification, commitment and epigenetic control of transcription by early B cell factor 1". Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 356: 17–38. doi:10.1007/82_2011_139. ISSN 0070-217X. PMC 3925327. PMID 21735360.
  6. Schwartz, Anton M.; Putlyaeva, Lidia V.; Covich, Milica; Klepikova, Anna V.; Akulich, Kseniya A.; Vorontsov, Ilya E.; Korneev, Kirill V.; Dmitriev, Sergey E.; Polanovsky, Oleg L. (2016-10-01). "Early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1) is critical for transcriptional control of SLAMF1 gene in human B cells". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms. 1859 (10): 1259–1268. doi:10.1016/j.bbagrm.2016.07.004.
  7. Tsai RY, Reed RR (Jun 1997). "Cloning and functional characterization of Roaz, a zinc finger protein that interacts with O/E-1 to regulate gene expression: implications for olfactory neuronal development". J. Neurosci. 17 (11): 4159–69. PMID 9151733.
  8. Zhao F, McCarrick-Walmsley R, Akerblad P, Sigvardsson M, Kadesch T (Jun 2003). "Inhibition of p300/CBP by early B-cell factor" (PDF). Mol. Cell. Biol. 23 (11): 3837–46. doi:10.1128/MCB.23.11.3837-3846.2003. PMC 155219. PMID 12748286.

Further reading

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