Discrete mathematics

Discrete mathematics, also called finite mathematics or decision mathematics, is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete in the sense of not supporting or requiring the notion of continuity. Objects studied in finite mathematics are largely countable sets such as integers, finite graphs, and formal languages.

Discrete mathematics has become popular in recent decades because of its applications to computer science. Concepts and notations from discrete mathematics are useful to study or describe objects or problems in computer algorithms and programming languages. In some mathematics curricula, finite mathematics courses cover discrete mathematical concepts for business, while discrete mathematics courses emphasize concepts for computer science majors.

For contrast, see continuum, topology, and mathematical analysis.

Discrete mathematics includes the following topics:

References and further reading

• Donald E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming
• Kenneth H. Rosen, Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0149-1.
• Kenneth H. Rosen, Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications 5th ed. McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-07-293033-0. Companion Web site: http://www.mhhe.com/math/advmath/rosen/
• Richard Johnsonbaugh, Discrete Mathematics 6th ed. Macmillan. ISBN 0-13-045803-1. Companion Web site: http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_johnsonbau_discrtmath_6/
• Ralph P. Grimaldi, Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics: An Applied Introduction 5th ed. Addison Wesley. ISBN 0-20-172634-3
• Norman L. Biggs, Discrete Mathematics 2nd ed. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850717-8. Companion Web site: http://www.oup.co.uk/isbn/0-19-850717-8 includes questions together with solutions..
• Neville Dean, Essence of Discrete Mathematics Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-345943-8. Not as in depth as above texts, but a gentle intro.
• Klette, R., and A. Rosenfeld (2004). Digital Geometry. Morgan Kaufmann. ISBN 1-55860-861-3. Also on (digital) topology, graph theory, combinatorics, axiomatic systems.
• Mathematics Archives, Discrete Mathematics links to syllabi, tutorials, programs, etc. http://archives.math.utk.edu/topics/discreteMath.html
• Ronald Graham, Donald E. Knuth, Oren Patashnik, Concrete Mathematics
• Discrete Mathematics AJ Sadler