- O2 → O2+ + e−
The energy change for this process is called the ionization energy of the oxygen molecule. Relative to most molecules, this ionization energy is very high at 1165 kJ/mol.
Structure and molecular properties
O2+ has a bond order of 2.5, and a bond length of 112.3 pm. It has the same number of valence electrons as nitric oxide. The bond energy is 625.1 kJ mol−1 and stretching frequency of 1858 cm−1, both of which are high relative to most molecules.
The reaction of dioxygen, O2, with platinum hexafluoride, PtF6, yields dioxygenyl hexafluoroplatinate, O2[PtF6]:
- O2 + PtF6 → O2[PtF6]
PtF6 is one of the few oxidising agents sufficiently powerful to oxidise O2.
Dioxygenyl hexafluoroplatinate played a pivotal role in the discovery of noble gas compounds. After Neil Bartlett found that PtF6 could oxidise O2 to O2+, he investigated its reaction with noble gases and discovered "xenon hexafluoroplatinate. "
O2+ is also found in the similar compound O2[AsF6], dioxygenyl hexafluoroarsenate.