Dephospho-(reductase kinase) kinase

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In enzymology, a dephospho-[reductase kinase] kinase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + dephospho-{[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase} ADP + {[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase}

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and [[dephospho-{[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase}]], whereas its two products are ADP and [[{[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase}]].

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring a phosphate group to the sidechain oxygen atom of serine or threonine residues in proteins (protein-serine/threonine kinases). The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:dephospho-{[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase} phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include AMP-activated kinase, AMP-activated protein kinase kinase, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase kinase, hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase kinase, (phosphorylating), reductase kinase, reductase kinase kinase, and STK30.


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  • Beg ZH, Stonik JA, Brewer HB Jr (1979). "Characterization and regulation of reductase kinase, a protein kinase that modulates the enzymic activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 76: 4375&ndash, 9. PMID 291971.
  • Ingebritsen TS, Lee HS, Parker RA, Gibson DM (1978). "Reversible modulation of the activities of both liver microsomal hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase and its inactivating enzyme. Evidence for regulation by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 81: 1268&ndash, 77. PMID 666819.
  • Beg ZH, Stonik JA, Brewer HB Jr (1985). "Phosphorylation of hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase and modulation of its enzymic activity by calcium-activated and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase". J. Biol. Chem. 260: 1682&ndash, 7. PMID 3155737.
  • Clarke PR, Hardie DG (1990). "Regulation of HMG-CoA reductase: identification of the site phosphorylated by the AMP-activated protein kinase in vitro and in intact rat liver". EMBO. J. 9: 2439&ndash, 46. PMID 2369897.
  • Sato R, Goldstein JL, Brown MS (1993). "Replacement of serine-871 of hamster 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase prevents phosphorylation by AMP-activated kinase and blocks inhibition of sterol synthesis induced by ATP depletion". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90: 9261&ndash, 5. PMID 8415689.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 72060-33-4.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes