The daf-2 gene encodes an insulin-like receptor in the worm C. elegans. Mutations in daf-2 have been shown by Cynthia Kenyon to double the lifespan of the worms. The gene is known to regulate reproductive development, ageing, resistance to oxidative stress, thermotolerance, resistance to hypoxia, and also resistance to bacterial pathogens.
DAF-2 is the only insulin/IGF-1 like receptor in the worm. Insulin/IGF-1-like signaling is conserved from worms to humans. DAF-2 acts to negatively regulate the forkhead transcription factor DAF-16 through a phosphorylation cascade. Genetic analysis reveals that DAF-16 is required for daf-2-dependent lifespan extension and dauer formation. When not phosphorylated, DAF-16 is active and present in the nucleus.
- See publications documenting series of experiments at Cynthia Kenyon lab, in particular, Jennie B. Dorman, Bella Albinder, Terry Shroyer & Cynthia Kenyon, "The age-1 and daf-2 genes function in a common pathway to control the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans," Genetics, volume 141, number 4, pages 1399-1406 (1995); and Javier Apfeld & Cynthia Kenyon, "Cell non-autonomy of C. elegans daf-2 function in the regulation of diapause and lifespan," Cell, v. 95, n.2, pp.199-210 (1998).
- Minaxi S Gami and Catherine A Wolkow (2006). "Studies of Caenorhabditis elegans DAF-2/insulin signaling reveal targets for pharmacological manipulation of lifespan". Aging Cell. 5 (1).
|40x30px||This genetics article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|