Cystic fibrosis other diagnostic studies

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Shaghayegh Habibi, M.D.[2]

Overview

Other diagnostic studies in patients with cystic fibrosis include sweat chloride test (measures the chloride content of the sweat) and nasal potential differences (performed by running different solutions through the nose) which used to detect changes in CFTR function. A sweat chloride value of more than 59 mmol/L is diagnostic for cystic fibrosis and less than 30 mmol/L indicates that cystic fibrosis is unlikely. Also Pulmonary function test (PFT) is important in monitoring lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis. However, it is only an indirect measure of lung structure and is insensitive to local or early damage.

Other Diagnostic Studies

Other diagnostic studies in patients with cystic fibrosis include:[1][2][3][4]

Sweat chloride test

  • Sweat chloride test results are considered as follow:
    • More than 59 mmol/L: diagnostic for cystic fibrosis
    • 30-59 mmol/L: needs more evaluation with CFTR genetic analysis
    • Less than 30 mmol/L: unlikely cystic fibrosis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sweat chloride test
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
≥60 mmol/L
 
 
 
30-59 mmol/L
 
 
 
≤29 mmol/L
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CFTR genetic analysis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2 CFTR mutations causing CF
 
No CFTR mutations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CF diagnosis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CF unlikely

Nasal Potential Difference (NPD)

Pulmonary function tests (PFTs)

References

  1. Pettit RS, Fellner C (July 2014). "CFTR Modulators for the Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis". P T. 39 (7): 500–11. PMC 4103577. PMID 25083129.
  2. Shah U, Moatter T (2006). "Screening for cystic fibrosis: the importance of using the correct tools". J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 18 (1): 7–10. PMID 16773960.
  3. Farrell PM, White TB, Ren CL, Hempstead SE, Accurso F, Derichs N, Howenstine M, McColley SA, Rock M, Rosenfeld M, Sermet-Gaudelus I, Southern KW, Marshall BC, Sosnay PR (February 2017). "Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis: Consensus Guidelines from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation". J. Pediatr. 181S: S4–S15.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.09.064. PMID 28129811.
  4. Farrell PM, White TB, Ren CL, Hempstead SE, Accurso F, Derichs N, Howenstine M, McColley SA, Rock M, Rosenfeld M, Sermet-Gaudelus I, Southern KW, Marshall BC, Sosnay PR (February 2017). "Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis: Consensus Guidelines from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation". J. Pediatr. 181S: S4–S15.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.09.064. PMID 28129811.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Moskowitz SM, Chmiel JF, Sternen DL, Cheng E, Gibson RL, Marshall SG, Cutting GR (December 2008). "Clinical practice and genetic counseling for cystic fibrosis and CFTR-related disorders". Genet. Med. 10 (12): 851–68. doi:10.1097/GIM.0b013e31818e55a2. PMC 2810953. PMID 19092437.
  6. Pettit RS, Fellner C (July 2014). "CFTR Modulators for the Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis". P T. 39 (7): 500–11. PMC 4103577. PMID 25083129.
  7. Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, Wallace SE, Bean L, Stephens K, Amemiya A, Ong T, Marshall SG, Karczeski BA, Sternen DL, Cheng E, Cutting GR. PMID 20301428. Vancouver style error: initials (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. Tiddens HA (September 2006). "Chest computed tomography scans should be considered as a routine investigation in cystic fibrosis". Paediatr Respir Rev. 7 (3): 202–8. doi:10.1016/j.prrv.2006.04.002. PMID 16938643.

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