Cyclopentane

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Template:Chembox E number
Cyclopentane
IUPAC name Cyclopentane
Other names pentamethylene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
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RTECS number GY2390000
Properties
C5H10
Molar mass 70.1 g/mol
Appearance clear, colorless liquid
Density 0.751 g/cm3
Melting point
Boiling point
Acidity (pKa) ~45
Related compounds
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references


Cyclopentane is a highly flammable alicyclic hydrocarbon with chemical formula C5H10 and CAS number 287-92-3, consisting of a ring of five carbon atoms each bonded with two hydrogen atoms above and below the plane. It occurs as a colorless liquid with a petrol-like odor. Its melting point is −94 °C and its boiling point is 49 °C.

File:Envelope.png
The typical structure of cyclopentane is the "envelope" conformation.

Cyclopentane is used in the manufacture of synthetic resins and rubber adhesives. The United States produces more than half a million kilograms of this chemical per year.

de:Cyclopentan el:Κυκλοπεντάνιο it:Ciclopentano


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