Crotonoyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) hydratase

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In enzymology, a crotonoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] hydratase (EC 4.2.1.58) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(3R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] but-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H2O

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, [[(3R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]]], and two products, [[but-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]]] and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (3R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] hydro-lyase (but-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]-forming). Other names in common use include (3R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] hydro-lyase, beta-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier protein dehydrase, beta-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier protein (ACP) dehydrase, beta-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier protein dehydrase, enoyl acyl carrier protein hydrase, crotonyl acyl carrier protein hydratase, 3-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier protein dehydratase, beta-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier, and protein dehydrase. This enzyme participates in fatty acid biosynthesis.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 4.2.1.58
  • BRENDA references for 4.2.1.58 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 4.2.1.58
  • PubMed Central references for 4.2.1.58
  • Google Scholar references for 4.2.1.58
  • MAJERUS PW, ALBERTS AW, VAGELOS PR (1965). "ACYL CARRIER PROTEIN. 3. AN ENOYL HYDRASE SPECIFIC FOR ACYL CARRIER PROTEIN THIOESTERS". J. Biol. Chem. 240: 618&ndash, 21. PMID 14275113.
  • Mizugaki M, Weeks G, Toomey RE, Wakil SJ (1968). "Studies on the mechanism of fatty acid synthesis. XX. Preparation and general properties of beta-hydroxybutyryl acyl carrier protein dehydrase". J. Biol. Chem. 243: 3661&ndash, 70. PMID 5658542.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 9030-78-8.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes

Template:4.2-enzyme-stub


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