Colorectal cancer primary prevention

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To view the primary prevention of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), click here
To view the primary prevention of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), click here

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Saarah T. Alkhairy, M.D.

Overview

Most colorectal cancers could be preventable through screening and improved lifestyle and nutrition.

Colorectal Cancer Primary Prevention

Screening

To view the screening of colorectal cancer, click here

Lifestyle & Nutrition

  • A healthy body weight
  • Active lifestyle[1]
  • A healthy diet - a high intake of dietary fiber (from eating fruits, vegetables, and cereals) and a low intake of fat and red meat[2]
  • Reduction of alcohol and cigarette smoking

References

  1. Wolin KY, Yan Y, Colditz GA, Lee IM (2009). "Physical activity and colon cancer prevention: a meta-analysis". Br J Cancer. 100 (4): 611–6. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6604917. PMC 2653744. PMID 19209175.
  2. Terry P, Giovannucci E, Michels KB, Bergkvist L, Hansen H, Holmberg L; et al. (2001). "Fruit, vegetables, dietary fiber, and risk of colorectal cancer". J Natl Cancer Inst. 93 (7): 525–33. PMID 11287446.

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