Clubbing

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Clubbing
ClubbingFingers1.jpg
Clubbing in the fingers of a 33-year old female with pulmonary hypertension.
ICD-10 R68.3
ICD-9 781.5

Clubbing Microchapters

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Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Clubbing from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

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CT

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: John Fani Srour, M.D.

Synonyms and Keywords: Digital clubbing; Hippocratic fingers; Hippocratic nails; drumstick fingers; watch glass nails; finger clubbing

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classifications

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Clubbing from other Disorders

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms | Physical Examination | Laboratory Findings | Electrocardiogram | X Rays | CT | Echocardiography or Ultrasound | Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Case Studies

Case #1

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