Ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor

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ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor
Identifiers
SymbolCNTFR
Entrez1271
HUGO2170
OMIM118946
RefSeqNM_001842
UniProtP26992
Other data
LocusChr. 9 p13

The ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor, also known as CNTFR, binds the ciliary neurotrophic factor. This receptor and its cognate ligand support the survival of neurons.[1] This receptor is most closely related to the interleukin-6 receptor. This receptor possesses an unusual attachment to the cell membrane through a glycophosphatidylinositol linkage.[2]

Model organisms

Model organisms have been used in the study of CNTFR function. A conditional knockout mouse line, called Cntfrtm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi[7][8] was generated as part of the International Knockout Mouse Consortium program — a high-throughput mutagenesis project to generate and distribute animal models of disease to interested scientists.[9][10][11]

Male and female animals underwent a standardized phenotypic screen to determine the effects of deletion.[5][12] Twenty five tests were carried out on mutant mice and one significant abnormality was observed: no homozygous mutant animals were observed at weaning. The remaining tests were therefore carried out on adult heterozygous mutant animals, but no further abnormalities were seen.[5]

References

  1. Davis S, Aldrich TH, Valenzuela DM, Wong VV, Furth ME, Squinto SP, Yancopoulos GD (1991). "The receptor for ciliary neurotrophic factor". Science. 253 (5015): 59–63. doi:10.1126/science.1648265. PMID 1648265.
  2. Sleeman MW, Anderson KD, Lambert PD, Yancopoulos GD, Wiegand SJ (2000). "The ciliary neurotrophic factor and its receptor, CNTFR alpha". Pharm Acta Helv. 74 (2–3): 265–72. doi:10.1016/S0031-6865(99)00050-3. PMID 10812968.
  3. "Salmonella infection data for Cntfr". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  4. "Citrobacter infection data for Cntfr". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: High throughput characterisation of knockout mice". Acta Ophthalmologica. 88 (S248). doi:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2010.4142.x.
  6. Mouse Resources Portal, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  7. "International Knockout Mouse Consortium".
  8. "Mouse Genome Informatics".
  9. Skarnes, W. C.; Rosen, B.; West, A. P.; Koutsourakis, M.; Bushell, W.; Iyer, V.; Mujica, A. O.; Thomas, M.; Harrow, J.; Cox, T.; Jackson, D.; Severin, J.; Biggs, P.; Fu, J.; Nefedov, M.; De Jong, P. J.; Stewart, A. F.; Bradley, A. (2011). "A conditional knockout resource for the genome-wide study of mouse gene function". Nature. 474 (7351): 337–342. doi:10.1038/nature10163. PMC 3572410. PMID 21677750.
  10. Dolgin E (June 2011). "Mouse library set to be knockout". Nature. 474 (7351): 262–3. doi:10.1038/474262a. PMID 21677718.
  11. Collins FS, Rossant J, Wurst W (January 2007). "A mouse for all reasons". Cell. 128 (1): 9–13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.12.018. PMID 17218247.
  12. van der Weyden L, White JK, Adams DJ, Logan DW (2011). "The mouse genetics toolkit: revealing function and mechanism". Genome Biol. 12 (6): 224. doi:10.1186/gb-2011-12-6-224. PMC 3218837. PMID 21722353.

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