Chronic stable angina treatment physical activity

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [2]; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [3]; Smita Kohli, M.D.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan. M.B.B.S.; Aysha Aslam, M.B.B.S[4]

Overview

Based on an individual's ability to exercise and severity of the symptoms, physical activity may be indicated as a treatment. As a treatment, increased physical activity has demonstrated improvements in an individual's sustained exercise duration, reduced the frequency of symptoms and also provided beneficial effects on blood pressure, diabetes and the overall lipid profile. Before the initiation of an exercise regimen, an exercise test is indicated as a useful guide to assess the level of tolerance.[1]

2012 Chronic Angina Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Chronic Stable Angina (DO NOT EDIT)[2]

Physical Activity (DO NOT EDIT)[2][3]

Class I
"1. For all patients, the clinician should encourage 30 to 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as brisk walking, at least 5 days and preferably 7 days per week, supplemented by an increase in daily lifestyle activities (e.g., walking breaks at work, gardening, household work) to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and move patients out of the least-fit, least-active, high-risk cohort(bottom 20%) (Level of Evidence: B)"
"2. For all patients, risk assessment with a physical activity history and/or an exercise test is recommended to guide prognosis and prescription (Level of Evidence: B)"
"3. Medically supervised programs (cardiac rehabilitation) and physiciandirected, home-based programs are recommended for at-risk patients at first diagnosis. (Level of Evidence: A)"
Class IIa
"1. It is reasonable for the clinician to recommend complementary resistance training at least 2 days per week. (Level of Evidence: C)"

References

  1. (1992) Long-term comprehensive care of cardiac patients. Recommendations by the Working Group on Rehabilitation of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur Heart J 13 Suppl C ():1-45. PMID: 1639095
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fihn SD, Gardin JM, Abrams J, Berra K, Blankenship JC, Dallas AP; et al. (2012). "2012 ACCF/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS guideline for the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines, and the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons". Circulation. 126 (25): 3097–137. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182776f83. PMID 23166210.
  3. Gibbons RJ, Abrams J, Chatterjee K, Daley J, Deedwania PC, Douglas JS et al. (2003) ACC/AHA 2002 guideline update for the management of patients with chronic stable angina--summary article: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on the Management of Patients With Chronic Stable Angina). Circulation 107 (1):149-58.[1] PMID: 12515758

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