|Molecular mass||147.387 g/mol|
|Density||1.512 g/cm3 @ 20°C|
|Melting point||-57.5 °C|
|Boiling point||97.8 °C|
|Disclaimer and references|
Chloral, also known as trichloroacetaldehyde or trichloroethanal is an organic halide discovered in 1832 by Justus von Liebig. In its pure form, it is a colourless oily liquid soluble in alcohol and ether. In water it reacts to form chloral hydrate, a sedative/hypnotic substance notorious for its use in "knockout drops" such as the Mickey Finn.
- 4Cl2 + C2H5OH → C2HCl3O + 5HCl
The name "chloral" is a portmanteau of "chlorine" and "alcohol", the substances used in its preparation.