Cervical cancer risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Nima Nasiri, M.D.[2]

Overview

The most common risk factor in development of cervical cancer is Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Other risk factors include smoking, increased number of sexual partners, and young age at time of first sexual intercourse, immunodeficiency, high parity.

Risk Factor

Common risk factors associated with cervical cancer include:[1][2]

References

  1. Efird JT, Toland AE, Lea CS, Phillips CJ (March 2011). "The combined influence of oral contraceptives and human papillomavirus virus on cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma". Clin Med Insights Oncol. 5: 55–75. doi:10.4137/CMO.S6905. PMC 3076039. PMID 21499554.
  2. "Carcinoma of the cervix and tobacco smoking: Collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 13,541 women with carcinoma of the cervix and 23,017 women without carcinoma of the cervix from 23 epidemiological studies". International Journal of Cancer. 118 (6): 1481–1495. 2006. doi:10.1002/ijc.21493. ISSN 0020-7136.

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