Cav2.1

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Template:Infobox gene The Cav2.1 P/Q voltage-dependent calcium channel is encoded by the CACNA1A gene.

Function

Voltage-dependent calcium channels mediate the entry of calcium ions into excitable cells, and are also involved in a variety of calcium-dependent processes, including muscle contraction, hormone or neurotransmitter release, and gene expression. Calcium channels are multisubunit complexes composed of alpha-1, beta, alpha-2/delta, and gamma subunits. The channel activity is directed by the pore-forming alpha-1 subunit, whereas, the others act as auxiliary subunits regulating this activity. The distinctive properties of the calcium channel types are related primarily to the expression of a variety of alpha-1 isoforms, alpha-1A, B, C, D, E, and S. This gene encodes the alpha-1A subunit, which is predominantly expressed in neuronal tissue.

Clinical significance

Mutations in this gene are associated with neurologic disorders, including familial hemiplegic migraine and episodic ataxia 2.

This gene also exhibits polymorphic variation due to (CAG)n-repeats. Multiple transcript variants have been described, however, the full-length nature of not all is known. In one set of transcript variants, the (CAG)n-repeats occur in the 3' UTR, and are not associated with any disease. However, in another set of variants, an insertion extends the coding region to include the (CAG)n-repeats which encode a polyglutamine tract. Expansion of the (CAG)n-repeats from the normal 4-16 to 21-28 in the coding region is associated with spinocerebellar ataxia 6.[1]

Interactions

Cav2.1 has been shown to interact with CACNB4.[2][3]

References

  1. "Entrez Gene: CACNA1A calcium channel, voltage-dependent, P/Q type, alpha 1A subunit". 
  2. Walker D, Bichet D, Campbell KP, De Waard M (Jan 1998). "A beta 4 isoform-specific interaction site in the carboxyl-terminal region of the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel alpha 1A subunit". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (4): 2361–7. PMID 9442082. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.4.2361. 
  3. Walker D, Bichet D, Geib S, Mori E, Cornet V, Snutch TP, Mori Y, De Waard M (Apr 1999). "A new beta subtype-specific interaction in alpha1A subunit controls P/Q-type Ca2+ channel activation". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (18): 12383–90. PMID 10212211. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.18.12383. 

Further reading

External links


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