Cardiac tamponade epidemiology and demographics
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Cardiac tamponade epidemiology and demographics On the Web
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The cardiac tamponade is most often attributed to the rupture of an acute myocardial infarction or an intrapericardial rupture of a dissecting ascending aortic aneurysm. In developed countries malignancy is the leading cause of cardiac tamponade secondary to pericardial effusion.The incidence of cardiac tamponade based on a giant sample size of about 216 million emergency admissions was about 115,638(0.05%). The incidence of cardiac tamponade increases with age; the mean age was around 61.9. Cardiac temponade mortality rate is significantly different due to its underlying cause.
Epidemiology and Demographics
- The incidence of cardiac tamponade based on a giant sample size of about 216 million emergency admissions was about 115,638(0.05%)
Case-fatality rate/Mortality rate
- Cardiac temponade mortality rate is significantly different due to its underlying cause.
- Overall, hospitalized mortality rate is around 14.3% and sub groups with higher mortality are :
- Sepsis (odds ratio:3.17)
- Chest trauma (odds ratio:2.15)
- Metastatic cancer:(odds ratio:1.90)
- Acute kidney injury(odds ratio:1.91)
- Idiopathic pericarditis (odds ratio: 0.21, least cause of mortality)
- There is no racial predilection to cardiac tamponade.
- Cardiac tamponade affects men and women equally.
- There is no study suggesting a meaningful sex difference among diagnosed patients.
Approximate Health Care cost In US
- It needs around 12 days of hospitalization and a mean cost of $160,397.
- The leading cause of developing tamponade in developed countries is cancer.
- "CARDIAC TAMPONADE INCIDENCE, DEMOGRAPHICS AND IN-HOSPITAL OUTCOMES: ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL INPATIENT SAMPLE DATABASE | JACC: Journal of the American College of Cardiology".
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- Gornik HL, Gerhard-Herman M, Beckman JA (2005). "Abnormal cytology predicts poor prognosis in cancer patients with pericardial effusion". J Clin Oncol. 23 (22): 5211–6. doi:10.1200/JCO.2005.00.745. PMID 16051963.