Bogart-Bacall syndrome

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Bogart-Bacall Syndrome is a vocal misuse disorder.

Persons who speak or sing out of their normal range can experience vocal fatigue, which is one cause of dysphonia. The persons most commonly afflicted are those who speak in a low-pitched voice, particularly if they have poor breath and vocal control. The syndrome can affect both males and females.

Despite the name of the syndrome, neither Humphrey Bogart nor Lauren Bacall was known to suffer from this syndrome; rather, it is named after them for their low-pitch manner of speaking.

Treatment usually involves voice therapy by a Speech Language Pathologist.


  • "Bogart-Bacall Syndrome". Wake Forest University School of Medicine - Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders. Retrieved June 06. Unknown parameter |accessyear= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  • "The Causes Of Voice Disorders - Vocal Misuse And Vocal Abuse Syndromes". Retrieved September 29. Unknown parameter |accessyear= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)