Autism historical perspective
Autism historical perspective On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Autism historical perspective
The first reported case of autism dates back to 1798, discovered by a medical student, Jean Itard, who treated the patient using a behavioral program. In 1943, Leo Kanner first described 11 cases of autism in his paper called autistic disturbances of affective contact. In 1910, Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist coined the term autism form latin word autismus. In 1981, Asperger was the first to separate Asperger syndrome, from autism.
- The first reported case of autism dates back to 1798, discovered by a medical student, Jean Itard, who treated the patient using a behavioral program.
- In 1910, Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist coined the term autism form latin word autismus.
- In 1938, Hans Asperger of the Vienna University Hospital adopted Bleuler's terminology "autistic psychopaths" in a lecture in German about child psychology.
- In 1981, Asperger was the first to separate Asperger syndrome, from autism.
- In 1943, Leo Kanner first described 11 cases of autism in his paper called autistic disturbances of affective contact.
- In 1960, autism was established as a separate syndrome for the first time in medical history differentiating it from mental retardation and schizophrenia and from other developmental disorders.
- As late as the mid-1970s there was little evidence of a genetic role in autism; now it is thought to be one of the most heritable of all psychiatric conditions.
- Wolff S (2004). "The history of autism". Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 13 (4): 201–8. doi:10.1007/s00787-004-0363-5. PMID 15365889.
- Kuhn R; tr. Cahn CH (2004). "Eugen Bleuler's concepts of psychopathology". Hist Psychiatry. 15 (3): 361–6. doi:10.1177/0957154X04044603. PMID 15386868. The quote is a translation of Bleuler's 1910 original.
- Wing L (1997). "The history of ideas on autism: legends, myths and reality". Autism. 1 (1): 13–23. doi:10.1177/1362361397011004.
- Asperger H (1938). "Das psychisch abnormale Kind". Wien Klin Wochenschr (in German). 51: 1314–7.
- Kanner L (1943). "Autistic disturbances of affective contact". Nerv Child. 2: 217–50. "Reprint". Acta Paedopsychiatr. 35 (4): 100–36. 1968. PMID 4880460. Unknown parameter
- Lyons V, Fitzgerald M (2007). "Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the two pioneers of autism". J Autism Dev Disord. 37 (10): 2022–3. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0383-3. PMID 17922179.
- Fombonne E (2003). "Modern views of autism". Can J Psychiatry. 48 (8): 503–5. PMID 14574825.
- Szatmari P, Jones MB (2007). "Genetic epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders". In Volkmar FR. Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders (2nd ed ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 157–78. ISBN 0521549574.