Aphasia history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Aphasia can be assessed in a variety of ways, from quick clinical screening at the bedside to several-hour-long batteries of tasks that examine the key components of language and communication.

Symptoms

Any of the following can be considered symptoms of aphasia:

  • Inability to comprehend language
  • Inability to pronounce, not due to muscle paralysis or weakness
  • Inability to speak spontaneously
  • Inability to form words
  • Inability to name objects
  • Poor enunciation
  • Excessive creation and use of personal neologisms
  • Inability to repeat a phrase
  • Persistent repetition of phrases
  • Paraphasia (substituting letters, syllables or words)
  • Agrammatism (inability to speak in a grammatically correct fashion)
  • Dysprosody (alterations in inflexion, stress, and rhythm)
  • Uncompleted sentences
  • Inability to read
  • Inability to write

References


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