Aortic regurgitation differential diagnosis

Jump to: navigation, search
Siren.gif

Resident
Survival
Guide
Home logo1.png

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Usama Talib, BSc, MD [2]

Overview

The differential diagnosis of aortic regurgitation includes other valvular abnormalities and diseases that can cause a similar clinical presentation.

Differential Diagnosis

The heart murmur of aortic regurgitation must be differentiated from that of other valvular diseases. Acute aortic regurgitation (AR) is characterized by the presence of a low pitched early diastolic murmur that is best heard at the right 2nd intercostal space, decreased or absent S1, and increased P2. Chronic AR is characterized by the presence of a high pitched holodiastolic decrescendo murmur that is best heard at the upper left sternal border and that increases with sitting forward, expiration, and handgrip.

The differential diagnosis of aortic regurgitation includes other valvular abnormalities:[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Aortic regurgitation should also be differentiated from other diseases that might cause similar clinical presentation, such as:[7][8][9][10]

References

  1. Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP, Guyton RA; et al. (2014). "2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". J Am Coll Cardiol. 63 (22): e57–185. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.02.536. PMID 24603191.
  2. Lindman BR, Clavel MA, Mathieu P, Iung B, Lancellotti P, Otto CM; et al. (2016). "Calcific aortic stenosis". Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2: 16006. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2016.6. PMC 5127286. PMID 27188578.
  3. Chandrashekhar Y, Westaby S, Narula J (2009). "Mitral stenosis". Lancet. 374 (9697): 1271–83. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60994-6. PMID 19747723.
  4. Chockalingam A, Gnanavelu G, Elangovan S, Chockalingam V (2003). "Clinical spectrum of chronic rheumatic heart disease in India". J Heart Valve Dis. 12 (5): 577–81. PMID 14565709.
  5. Zoghbi WA, Enriquez-Sarano M, Foster E, Grayburn PA, Kraft CD, Levine RA; et al. (2003). "Recommendations for evaluation of the severity of native valvular regurgitation with two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography". J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 16 (7): 777–802. doi:10.1016/S0894-7317(03)00335-3. PMID 12835667.
  6. Roguin A, Rinkevich D, Milo S, Markiewicz W, Reisner SA (1998). "Long-term follow-up of patients with severe rheumatic tricuspid stenosis". Am Heart J. 136 (1): 103–8. PMID 9665226.
  7. Choudhry NK, Etchells EE (1999). "The rational clinical examination. Does this patient have aortic regurgitation?". JAMA. 281 (23): 2231–8. PMID 10376577.
  8. Elkayam U, Goland S, Pieper PG, Silverside CK (2016). "High-Risk Cardiac Disease in Pregnancy: Part I." J Am Coll Cardiol. 68 (4): 396–410. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2016.05.048. PMID 27443437.
  9. Lozano HF, Sharma CN (2004). "Reversible pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurgitation and right-sided heart failure associated with hyperthyroidism: case report and review of the literature". Cardiol Rev. 12 (6): 299–305. doi:10.1097/01.crd.0000137259.83169.e3. PMID 15476566.
  10. Anand IS (2016). "High-Output Heart Failure Revisited". J Am Coll Cardiol. 68 (5): 483–6. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2016.05.036. PMID 27470456.


Cardiology


Linked-in.jpg