Amenorrhea CT

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Eiman Ghaffarpasand, M.D. [2]

Overview

There are no CT scan findings associated with amenorrhea. However, a CT scan may be helpful in the diagnosis of the diseases that can cause amenorrhea, such as Turner syndrome, androgen insensitivity syndrome and also anatomic genital defects.

CT Scan

Coarctation of aorta - Case courtesy of Dr David Cuete, Via Radiopaedia.org[1]
Undescended testis in androgen insensitivity syndrome, with some malignant transformations - Case courtesy of Dr Ian Bickle, Via Radiopaedia.org[2]
Septate Uterus - Case courtesy of Dr Natalie Yang, Via Radiopaedia.org[3]

Turner syndrome
















Androgen insensitivity syndrome






















Anatomic genital defects

  • Findings on a CT scan suggestive of septate uterus include:[6]
    • Convex fundal contour
    • Acute angle of < 75% between uterine cavities























References

  1. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/27427">rID: 27427
  2. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/39193">rID: 39193
  3. Radiopaedia.org. From the case <"https://radiopaedia.org/cases/6977">rID: 6977
  4. Kim HK, Gottliebson W, Hor K, Backeljauw P, Gutmark-Little I, Salisbury SR, Racadio JM, Helton-Skally K, Fleck R (2011). "Cardiovascular anomalies in Turner syndrome: spectrum, prevalence, and cardiac MRI findings in a pediatric and young adult population". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196 (2): 454–60. PMID 21257900. doi:10.2214/AJR.10.4973. 
  5. Tank, Jay; Knoll, Abraham; Gilet, Anthony; Kim, Susanne (2015). "Imaging characteristics of androgen insensitivity syndrome". Clinical Imaging. 39 (4): 707–710. ISSN 0899-7071. doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2015.02.002. 
  6. Behr, Spencer C.; Courtier, Jesse L.; Qayyum, Aliya (2012). "Imaging of Müllerian Duct Anomalies". RadioGraphics. 32 (6): E233–E250. ISSN 0271-5333. doi:10.1148/rg.326125515. 



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