Dysgeusia

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Name of Symptom/Sign:
Dysgeusia
Classifications and external resources
ICD-10 R43.2
ICD-9 781.1
DiseasesDB 27369
MedlinePlus 003050
eMedicine ent/333 

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Mugilan Poongkunran M.B.B.S [2]

Synonyms and Keywords: Altered sense of taste

Overview

Dysgeusia is the distortion or decrease of the sense of taste. Dysgeusia is associated with zinc deficiency and some antihypertensiveor anxiolytic medications. It is also found in patients with severe renal insufficiency.

Causes

Life Threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular No underlying causes
Chemical/Poisoning 1,3-Dinitrobenzene, amatoxin-containing mushroom poisoning, antimony, bee sting, cadmium, chromium, ciguatera poisoning, clupeotoxin poisoning, crotalinae snake bites, fire ant, hornet, lead poisoning, manganese, nickel, protoanemonin poisoning, scombrotoxic fish poisoning, scorpion sting, silver, wasp
Dental Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, dental caries, gingivostomatitis, glossitis, cancrum oris, noma, oral candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, pericoronitis, periodontitis, pulpitis, periapical abscess
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect 5-fluorouracil, acetazolamide, adenosine, allopurinol, amiloride, amphetamines, amphotericin B, amrinone, antiretroviral therapy, apraclonidine, Asenapine maleate, auranofin, azilsartan medoxomil, baclofen, Bepotastine Besilate, betaxolol, beta-lactam antibiotic, bleomycin, boceprevir, bretylium, brinzolamide, calcitonin, calcium chloride, calcium gluconate, candesartan, captopril, carbamazepine, carbidopa, carboplatin, carboprost tromethamine, chlorambucil, chlorhexidine mouth wash, cilazapril, ciprofloxacin, cisplatin, clarithromycin, cyclophosphamide, dacarbazine, diazoxide, dicyclomine, diethylpropion, diltiazem, dipyridamole, disulfiram, EDTA, eflornithine, enalapril, entacapone, Eribulin, eszopiclone, ethambutol, ethionamide, etidronate, everolimus, febuxostat, fish oil and marine omega-3 fatty acids, flunisolide, flurazepam, frovatriptan, gadobenate dimeglumine, gadofosveset, gadoversetamide, gamma-hydroxybutyrate(GHB), Gatifloxacin, gemcitabine, glycopyrrolate, hydrochlorothiazide, hydrocortisone, hyoscyamine, imatinib, interferon, Indinavir, iodine, iopamidol, ioversol, irbesartan, irinotecan, isotretinoin, levamisole, levodopa-benserazide, levofloxacin, linezolid, lisinopril, lithium, lomefloxacin, loratadine, losartan, lovastatin, methimazole, methotrexate, methyl methacrylate, metronidazole, moclobemide, moxifloxacin, nalbuphine, nifedipine, nitroglycerin, ofloxacin, Olaparib, olopatadine, omeprazole, oxaliplatin, Oxaprozin, palifermin, paricalcitol, pazopanib, penicillamine, perflutren protein type A, Pertuzumab, phencyclidine (PCP) intoxication, phenylbutyrate, potassium iodide, propafenone, propylthiouracil, quinine, rimexolone, selegiline, sorafenib, spironolactone, succimer, sulfasalazine, sumatriptan, sunitinib, taxanes, telaprevir, telavancin hydrochloride, temsirolimus, terbinafine, tetracycline, thallium Sulfate, thionamides, timolol, tinidazole, tocainide, triazolam, trichloroethylene, Trospium, valsartan, vanadium, vandetanib, Vorinostat, ziconotide, zinc, zolmitriptan, zopiclone
Ear Nose Throat Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, temporomandibular joint disorders, tongue cancer, tonsil cancer, tonsillitis,tonsillectomy
Endocrine Hypothyroidism
Environmental Amatoxin-containing mushroom poisoning, fire ant, antimony, bee sting, cadmium, chromium, ciguatera poisoning, clupeotoxin poisoning, copper toxicity, crotalinae snake bites, glaze, hornet, iodine, lead poisoning, protoanemonin poisoning, rattle snake poisoning, scombrotoxic fish poisoning, scorpion sting, solder, wasp
Gastroenterologic Gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, inflammatory bowel disease, jaundice, liver disorders
Genetic Congenital disorder, cystic fibrosis, hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy
Hematologic Factor IX concentrates, jaundice
Iatrogenic 1,3-Dinitrobenzene, artificial saliva, bronchoscopy, chlorhexidine mouth wash, cholera vaccine, contrast agents, hemodialysis, infiltration of local anesthetics, laryngoscopy, neuraxial analgesia anesthesia, nicotine gum, nicotine lozenge, radiation, radioiodine treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer, surgical procedures in the head and neck area, tonsillectomy
Infectious Disease Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, cancrum oris, chronic rhinosinusitis, dental caries, herpes zoster, HIV, influenza, lung abscess, noma, oral candidiasis, pericoronitis, periodontal abscess, periodontitis, periapical abscess, pulpitis, secondary syphilis, trichomoniasis
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic No underlying causes
Neurologic 1st cranial nerve disorder, 9th cranial nerve disorder, acoustic neuroma, Bell's Palsy, hallucination, head trauma, hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy, multiple sclerosis, nervus intermedius (geniculate) neuralgia, neuraxial analgesia anesthesia, paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis, paraneoplastic syndromes affecting the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia, partial sensory seizure, surgical procedures in the head and neck area, temporal lobe epilepsy, tumor-related neuropathic pain
Nutritional/Metabolic Cancer cachexia, hyperkeratosis vitamin B12 deficiency, iron, metabolic disorders
Obstetric/Gynecologic Pregnancy
Oncologic Acoustic neuroma, cancer cachexia, oral hairy leukoplakia, paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis, paraneoplastic syndromes affecting the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia, tongue cancer, tonsil cancer, tumor-related neuropathic pain
Ophthalmologic No underlying causes
Overdose/Toxicity Acetaminophen poisoning, acute mercury inhalation, aluminium, contrast agents, copper toxicity, cyclosporine toxicity, lithium, paracetamol poisining, platinum agents, potassium iodide, thallium sulfate
Psychiatric Hallucination, psychiatric disorders
Pulmonary Bronchoscopy, cystic fibrosis, influenza, laryngoscopy, lung abscess
Renal/Electrolyte Chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Sjogren's Syndrome
Sexual Secondary syphilis
Trauma Head trauma
Urologic No underlying causes
Miscellaneous Aging, alcohol consumption, postnasal drip

Causes by Organ System developed by WikiDoc.org, Copyleft 2013

Causes in Alphabetical Order

References



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