Acute bronchitis epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Seyedmahdi Pahlavani, M.D. [2]; Nate Michalak, B.A.

Overview

Acute bronchitis is the ninth most common illness among outpatient visits in the U.S. It's prevalence depends on season of the year, vaccination status and outbreaks during that particular year. It is common among young children and the elderly.

Epidemiology

Acute bronchitis, as a lower respiratory tract infection, is one of the most common illnesses seen among outpatient visits especially in young children.[1][2][3]

Incidence

  • Acute bronchitis affects approximately 5% of adults in the U.S. annually and it becomes more common during cold seasons. Generally, it depends on the season of the year, vaccination status and presence of an epidemic.
  • Acute bronchitis affects around 44 in 1000 adults (age over 16 years) per year in the UK, with around 82% of episodes occurring in autumn or winter.[4]

Age

  • Acute bronchitis is most common among young children.

Gender

  • Acute bronchitis affects men and women equally.

Race

  • There is no racial predilection for acute bronchitis.

References

  1. Macfarlane J, Holmes W, Gard P, Macfarlane R, Rose D, Weston V, Leinonen M, Saikku P, Myint S (2001). "Prospective study of the incidence, aetiology and outcome of adult lower respiratory tract illness in the community". Thorax. 56 (2): 109–14. PMC 1746009Freely accessible. PMID 11209098. 
  2. Wenzel RP, Fowler AA (2006). "Clinical practice. Acute bronchitis". N. Engl. J. Med. 355 (20): 2125–30. PMID 17108344. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp061493. 
  3. Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016, 5 Books in 1. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015.
  4. incidence(2016).http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com/x/systematic-review/1508/background.html accessed on September,13 2016

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